Mouth Guard

A mouthguard (also known as a mouth protector, gumshield, or nightguard) is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums. Mouthguards are most often used to prevent injury in contact sports, as a treatment for bruxism or TMD, or as part of certain dental procedures, such as tooth whitening.
Mouthguards have become a standard in many sports. In addition to football, mouth guards are required to be used in ice hockey, field hockey and Rugby. The American Dental Association (ADA) shows that mouthguards are extremely effective in preventing facial injury in contact and non-contact sports. The ADA recommends mouthguards be used in 29 sports: acrobatics, basketball, bicycling, boxing, equestrian, football, gymnastics, handball, ice hockey, inline skating, lacrosse, martial arts, racquetball, rugby football, shot putting, skateboarding, skiing, skydiving, soccer, softball, squash, surfing, volleyball, water polo, weightlifting and wrestling

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Indications
Dental trauma
• Mouthguards are used in sports where deliberate or accidental impacts to the face and jaw may cause harm. Such impacts may occur in many sports including: baseball, boxing, mixed martial arts, rugby, wrestling, football (soccer), American football, Australian football, lacrosse, basketball, figure skating, hockey, underwater hockey, Field Hockey water polo, skiing, and snowboarding. Mouthguards may also prevent or reduce harm levels of concussion in the event of an injury to the jaw. In many sports, the rules of the sport make their use compulsory, or local health laws demand them. Schools also often have rules requiring their use. Studies in various high risk populations for dental injuries are repeatedly reporting of a low compliance of individuals for the regular using of mouthguard during activities.Moreover, even with regular use, effectiveness in prevention on dental trauma is not complete, and injuries can still occur even when mouthguards are used as users are not always aware of the best makes or size, which inevitably result in a poor fit.

 

Oral medicine
• Mouthguards may be used as splints to reduce strain over the temporomandibular joint in temporomandibular joint disorder
• To prevent tooth attrition in bruxism
• To deliver topical medication.

Dental aesthetics
• During tooth whitening.
• As a night protector of thin porcelain bridges

Orthodontics
• Invisalign, a substitute for brackets and acrylic plates

Custom made mouth guards:
An impression of the user's teeth is used by a dental professional to create a best-fit mouth protector. The impression may be taken by a dentist who will take an upper impression in dental alginate material. In Europe, the guard must be sold with a CE mark and the guard must have passed an EC Type-Examination test, performed by an accredited European Notified Body. Applying a CE mark without such certification is a criminal offence.

Vacuum Form
• Custom made mouth guards using this type of machine produce single layer mouth guards
• Fit not as good as pressure laminated but offers more protection than boil and bite

Pressure Laminated
• Custom made mouth guards using this type of machine produce multi layer mouth guards
• Offers superior fit, comfort and more protection

Please contact your Dentist at White Rose Dental Studio for more information.